Archive for the ‘herpes simplex virus’ tag
Before knowing the symptoms of syphilis, one should have a basic idea of what this disease is? It is basically a sexually transmitted disease which is caused by bacteria named spirochaete bacterium known as Treponema pallidum and can affect people of both sexes. It has gained a reputation or more appropriately it is notorious of being “the great imitator” because most of the syphilis symptoms resemble the symptoms of other diseases. This is the reason why diagnosing this disease is so difficult. It is also contagious and can pass through intimate sexual contact. Women who are expecting may pass on the infection to the yet-to-be-born child.
The syphilis may pass through 3 distinct stages. There are possibilities that not all 3 of these stages may be observed, one after the other. The phases are listed below and along with them; the syphilis symptoms are listed too:
1)Primary stage- It usually starts with a sore at the site of the infection. This sore is popularly called shanker. It is in the form of a lesion which may appear on the male or the female genitals although all parts of the body are equally at risk. Any person who touches the infection lesion may end up with an infection. It can develop after a month after the first appearance and heals after 1 week. Though the sores may vanish, the disease does not.
2)Secondary stage- The secondary phase develops after a month after the first appearance of chancre. The phase has numerous symptoms, which is the reason why syphilis has the, unflattering name of “the great pretender”. Due to this reason, this phase may go without treatment. These are the most frequently reported symptoms of the phase:
Whole body rash
Patchy hair loss
Swollen lymph nodes
3)Latent phase- This phase is characterized by relapse of the secondary phase of the syphilis. After two years of the latent phase one may not have symptoms and may be completely cured. However one can still transmit infection through blood transfusion. One third people will progress from latent syphilis to tertiary one. During this phase, parts of the body such as brain, skin, bones and the heart are at risk.
4)Tertiary Syphilis- The syphilis symptoms of this stage depends on which part of the body the infection spreads to. For instance, it may spread to nerves, eyes, brain, bones, blood vessels or skin. It can cause the following symptoms:
loss of coordination
As soon as the symptoms of syphilis are observed, one is required to visit their physician. He/she will check for signs of the disease such as skin rashes or chancre. A blood sample will be taken and that is analyzed. The treatment and the prescription depends on the stage of the disease.
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Cellulitis is primarily an infection caused by the bacteria. It can cause damage to the connective tissue beneath the skin, and in more unusual cases spread to the lymph nodes. Bacteria can get easily enter the skin through cuts, laceration or scrapes. This disease usually affects the legs, but at times may also affect the face, scalp and arms. The easy way to stop is by taking antibiotics. However, in some cases, the cellulitis may lead to unforeseen complications. At times, it may also be life-threatening.
There are various bacteria that are responsible for this disease. Staphylococcus and the Streptococcus and other smaller forms of bacteria such as haemophilus influenzae, pneumococcus and the clostridium are also responsible for causing cellulitis infection. At times, abrasion present in the skin may also cause an infection. Sometimes it does not even require an injured site. It may develop over a smooth patch of skin that had been the site of a previous infection such as athlete’s foot or eczema. Or, if there are tattooing, skin rashes, insect or animal bites. AIDS, radiation and diabetes are also known to have caused this disease.
The other bacterium which is responsible for the spread of cellulitis infection is staphylococcus aureus bacteria, also known as staph. Once the bacteria or the pathogen enters, it makes its way deeper into lymph nodes and the blood stream and makes its way throughout the body. This can lead to sweating, bouts of cold and cough, high fever and so on. There are numerous risk factors for this disease such as injury or trauma with a break in skin surface, cracks or peeling skin between toes, insect bites or stings, ulcers from diabetes, or blockage in blood.
Symptoms of cellulitis infection are manifold. Some of them are pain or tenderness in the area with sores or rash. The signs of infection include fatigue, general ill feeling, chills, shaking, warm skin sweating, muscle pain. The skin sore or the rash grows quickly within 24 hours, comes on suddenly and usually has sharp borders. There are other signs such as hair loss at the site of the infection, nausea and vomiting and joint swiftness which is caused by swelling over the joint. The area that is affected looks red and has warmth over the redness and has tight, glossy and stretched appearance of the skin.
How does one diagnose this disease appropriately? During the recommended physical examination the doctor may find swelling and drainage if the infection is around a skin wound, swollen glands and redness warmth and there may be swelling. The tests that are used are a complete blood count also known as CBC and blood culture.
The disease may not be serious, but the person may require a hospital stay if one is very sick such as persistent high blood pressure, nausea and vomiting and very high temperature. It is brought under control with close follow up and oral antibiotics. The treatment focuses on preventing complications and controlling the infection.
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Herpes Simplex virus is classified into the HSV 1 type and HSV 2 type. The HSV type 2 virus is one of the most common STD conditions in the world, who may end up infecting others. There are almost 50 million Americans who are infected with genital herpes. While herpes simplex type 1 is called oral herpes, it causes blisters to erupt near the mouth. It is important to know that both these viruses can cause genital herpes, as oral herpes can be passed on to the genitals, and the other way around as well. But usually genital herpes is transmitted through sexual intercourse or skin-to-skin contact. Genital herpes affects the genitals of the individual and waist below in general. While the disease cannot be cured completely, it can be treated. With proper medication and adequate care, the frequency of the outbreaks and the pain can be reduced.
One of the interesting facts of herpes simplex 2 is that this disease is contagious even if there are no symptoms present in the individual. A person can go through out his/her life without experiencing any of the usual symptoms of the disease, but still actively carry the virus. It should also be noted that the virus can be spread from one place to another in the body. For example if you touch an infected sore and touch another part of your body, there are chances you are spreading the infection. This is why it is important to avoid contact with other people when you have herpes, as well as wash your hands thoroughly when you touch a sore. But, this does not mean that an individual with herpes cannot have sex, they can as long as they limit their sexual partners and always use protection. You need to fix an appointment with the doctor to know more details about having sexual intercourse, if you are infected.
A newborn baby can also be infected with the virus if the mother has the infection during the time of birth. If it is found that the mother does carry the virus, a cesarean section is usually performed in order to minimize the risk of infection from the mother to the baby. It is important to take the advice of a doctor, if you are planning to get pregnant or are already pregnant in this condition.
Some of the signs and symptoms of the virus include –
1. Sores and Blisters – These are the primary symptom of herpes. Several lesions occur in the genital areas, which can be very painful. While the virus is contagious even when no symptoms are present, it is most contagious when there are open sores.
2. Discharge – Fluid or discharge from these blisters is also a very common symptom. When there is severe discharge, contact with the individual should be avoided.
3. Painful Urination – Sometimes due to sores and ulcers, it becomes very difficult to urinate. Irritation, pain and a tingling sensation is also felt in herpes simplex 2.
4. Other symptoms include fever, fatigue, muscle ache, swollen lymph glands, etc.
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