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Pseudotumor Cerebri Overview And Diagnosis

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Pseudo means false. Applying logic, the name means a false brain tumor. It is mainly caused in the skull due to poor absorption or the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid. Women between the age-group of 20 and 50 suffer from this disease. There are numerous symptoms to this disorder. The major symptoms and signs are listed below:

Ringing in the ears that is in co-ordination with one’s heartbeat

Blurred or dimmed vision

Moderate to severe headache that originate behind the patient’s eyes. This condition is aggravated with eye treatment

Small episodes of blindness

Nausea, dizziness and vomiting

Double vision which is also known as diplopia

Difficulty in side vision

Neck, shoulder or back pain

Seeing light flashes which is also known as photopsia

The usual causes of pseudotumor cerebri are still shrouded in mystery, but it is suspected to be linked with excess of cerebrospinal fluid which is present in your skull. The spinal cord and the spinal cord is surrounded by this fluid, it acts like a cushion to protect important tissues from harm. The fluid is usually produced in the brain but is absorbed in the bloodstream. The possibility of the pseudotumor cerebri may be due to an increased intracranial pressure and this may be responsible for the absorption process that takes place. This happens when there is an increase in intracranial pressure, which may happen when the contents of the skull extends their capacity.

The following factors listed below have been associated with this disease:

Medication- Oral contraceptives, growth hormones, discontinuation with steroids, tetracycline and an excess intake of Vitamin A

Obesity- It occurs mostly in 1 in 100,000 people. Women who are under the age of 44 and are obese are more likely to suffer from this disorder.

Health problem- The diseases which are mostly linked to pseudotumor cerebri are Head Injury, Kidney disease, Lupus, Addison’s disease, Mononucleosis, Lyme disease, Polycystic ovary syndrome, underactive parathyroid glands, sleep apnea and so on.

There are a number of tests that are carried out to diagnose this fake tumor. Some of these exams are listed as below:

1)Eye Exam- If the doctor suspects pseudotumor cerebri, he will look for a distinctive kind of swelling, which is known as papilledema in the rear of the eye. The patient may need to undergo various eye tests to see if there are any blind spots in her vision.

2)Spinal tap (lumbar puncture)- A lumbar puncture-which involves placing a needle between two vertebrae in the lower back which helps to decide how high the pressure is inside the skull.

3)Brain imaging- MRI or CT scans can rule out other problems that can cause similar symptoms such as blood clots and brain tumors.

There are treatments for this disorder too. The medications start with trying to control the symptoms. Weight loss is recommended for obese individuals. If th eye-sight gets worse, there are surgeries to reduce the pressure around the optic nerve.

Visit here for more information on: Symptoms Of Brain Tumor.

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January 25th, 2011 at 4:00 am

Symptoms – About Brain Tumors

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Brain tumor is a disease in the brin where cancer cells may develop in the brain tissue. The cancer cells may grow to form a mass of cancer tissues which is also known as a tumor. This tumor interferes with brain tissue functions such as sensation, memory, muscle control or other usual body functions. Tumors that primarily comprise of cancer cells are called malignant tumors and the ones that are composed of of benign tumors. The cancer cells that develop from brain tissues are called primary brain tumors. The numbers prove that the disease is not rare and is likely to have chances of developing in approximately 20,000 people every year. There are usually two types of brain cancer. The primary brain cancer starts in the brain whereas the metastatic brain cancer starts in the body and moves to the brain. Tumors can either be malignant with cancer cells that can grow quickly or benign with no cancer cells.

The primary brain cancer hardly spreads beyond the central nervous system. Death may occur from uncontrolled tumor growth within the limited space of the skull. The metastatic brain cancer indicates that the disease is advanced and has a poor prognosis. These tumors are made of cancerous cells from a tumor which is present somewhere in the body. The cells are spread to the brain from another tumor in a process called metastasis.

There are various symptoms of brain tumor. They may damage neurological pathways and may compress and invade brain tissue. The symptom develop over a period of time and the traits of the symptoms differ depending on the actual size and the place where the tumor is located. The disease is not very painful in the beginning. However as the size increases, the person may experience slight discomfort in the beginning and then later extreme pain as the cancer corrodes the other structures in the body. There are a few telltale signs that tell that there is something wrong with the body. But before jumping to conclusion, one nees to visit the doctor to be diagnosed correctly. For instance, signs such as rapid breathing rate, abnormal breathing and fever may be pneumonia.

The symptoms differ from place to place. Listed below are the different areas in the brain and corresponding symptoms of brain tumor:

Parietal Lobe

Inability to write

Impaired speech

Seizures

Spatial disorders

Lack of recognition

Tumor in the temporal lobe may cause impaired seizures and speeches. Whereas a tumor in the brainstem may have the following symptoms

Difficulty speaking and swallowing

Behavioral and emotional changes

Morning headaches

Drowsiness

Loss of hearing

Muscle weakness on one side of the body

Drooping eyelids, vision loss

Vomiting

Symptoms of brain tumor in meninges (meningioma) do depend on which area of the brain is under pressure. Some include:

Hearing loss

Incontinence

Headache

Seizures

Mental and emotional changes

Prolonged drowsiness

Vision loss

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January 21st, 2011 at 3:00 am

Signs And Symptoms Of Skin Cancer

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Cancer is a condition that occurs in the body when the cells divide uncontrollably and form a lump which is also known as a tumor. There are several types of cancers which will attack and infect different parts of the body. A cancer can be either benign or malignant, malignant cancer is when the cells are destructive and spread to other parts of the body. Whereas, benign cancer cells are not cancerous and don’t spread to other parts of the body, hence are not dangerous.

Every cancer is different, and has different symptoms and warning signs connected to it. While these symptoms may also comprise to other relatively harmless conditions in the body, if they persist or bother you, it is best to contact the doctor. It is extremely important to understand the signs of cancer, so that an individual can know the seriousness and get it checked as soon as possible. Early diagnosis is very important for proper treatment and successful cure. This article will help you in understanding the basic signs of cancer.

To help you understand the topic better, here are a few examples –

Pancreatic cancer and Skin Cancer – Skin cancer can show several symptoms in the early stages, such as lumps in the skin, pigmentation, and change in the mole or even freckles. On the other hand pancreatic cancer does not show symptoms until the last stage. The symptoms may tend to confuse you at times as well. Some of the symptoms include fever, fatigue and weight loss; these symptoms are not particular to cancer. They may be signs of other less serious conditions as well.

Mouth cancer – The common signs of mouth cancer are lumps or lesions found inside and around the mouth. This is also accompanied by swelling and unexplained bleeding. Some may find it difficult to swallow or speak as well.

Stomach Cancer – Just like pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer also does not show symptoms in the early stages. And it is not possible to determine if a person has cancer by taking one symptom into account. Sudden weight loss, pain in the stomach and feeling full easily are also some of the symptoms. Nausea and vomiting can also be some of the early symptoms.

Colon cancer – Symptoms for colon cancer are not always present in the initial stages, as time passes symptoms do occur. Blood in the stools, severe constipation or pencil thin stools are symptoms of colon cancer. Although these maybe signs of other conditions as well, they need to be checked with the doctor.

Lung cancer – Cough and chest pain are one of the most common symptoms of lung cancer. This is also accompanied by wheezing, fatigue, headaches, loss of appetite, sudden loss of weight and fever. It is crucial to know that the major cause of lung cancer is smoking, and this includes second-hand smoking as well.

Liver cancer – Abnormal weight loss, pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, fever and general tiredness are some of the symptoms in the early stage. If these symptoms persist or begin to worry you, make sure you fix an appointment with the doctor.

Visit here for more information on: Signs of Skin Cancer.

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January 6th, 2011 at 2:17 am

Know Information About Signs Of Cancer

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Cancer is a group of sickness that can affect almost any and everywhere on the human body, either internally and externally so it is almost impossible to pinpoint any specific symptoms. However there are one or more changes that can be identified which can make you suspicious in order to get a check up at your doctor.

A lot of times cancers are difficult to suspect and may only give off signs within the critical stages of its growth when the disease is at an advance stage. One of the main signs of cancer can be an unexplainable growth in a cell anywhere in or on the body called a tumor. The tumor may build up on its own or up against blood vessels, organs and nerves.

When persons go through fever or undue weightloss, it may be a signal that a cancer is at work. Almost all cancer patients will experience fever at sometime; the fever also makes it harder for the system to fight the cancer.

Unexpected feelings of fatigue, are a huge symptoms for cancer. Cancer cells utilize a great deal of the body’s energy supply as it spreads, so these symptoms take place. The cancer also has the ability to reconstruct the way in which the body creates energy from food to cause excessive tiredness. This also can cause extreme and consistent pain in the body, this can also be a signal that the disease is worsening.

Different types of cancers lead to alterations in the tone of the skin which is attributed to diseases such as erythema, jaundice, hyperpigmentation and pruritis. Erythema causes the skin to become reddened, Jaundice changes the skin and eye colors to a yellowish shade and hyperpigmentation creates a darker looking skin. Pruritis on the other hand is responsible for itching of the skin. Excessive hair growth can also be linked to the growth of cancer cells.

Cancer growth can also adjust the color and volume of a person’s urine and stool. This can lead to diarrhea, constipation. Dizziness, vomiting. Cancer cells are capable of releasing substances into the bloodstream that cause blood clots at different parts in the body. If there are also cuts anywhere on the body that don’t get better, that may also be a sign of cancer.

There are various cancers that can be felt through the skin. Finding a growth on the breast, lymph nodes, testicles or any soft tissue on the body may be reason for suspicion that cancer is a possibility. It is wise to observe changes in a mole, wart or freckle that changes in size, color or shape. If you have any of these cancer signs it is best to seek immediate medical attention.

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September 29th, 2010 at 2:35 am